Gum Disease 

What is periodontal (gum) disease?

If you have been told you have periodontal (gum) disease, you’re not alone. Many adults currently have some form of the disease. Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation (gingivitis) to serious disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth.

Gingivitis 

Our mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing will help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning by our hygienist can remove tartar.

The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they become. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums that is called “gingivitis.” In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and cleanings twice a year by your dental hygienist.  If you experience bleeding gums while brushing or flossing you may have Gingivitis.  Please call our office to schedule an evaluation with our hygienist Lakeview Dental Spa (Womack Dental) Phone Number 937-306-1710.

Periodontal Disease 

When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to “periodontitis” (which means “inflammation around the tooth”). In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (called pockets) that become infected.  These pockets hold tarter below the gum line causing infection. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If not treated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed. The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed. Symptoms of periodontal disease may include:  bad breath that will not go away, bleeding gums, red or swollen gums, painful chewing, gums receding or pulling away from the teeth and/or loose teeth. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please give our office a call to schedule an evaluation  Lakeview Dental Spa (Womack Dental) Phone Number 937-306-1710.

Deep Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing)

The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. All types of treatment requires that the patient keep up on daily care at home. 

The dental hygienist removes the plaque through a deep-cleaning method called scaling and root planing. Scaling means removing the tartar from above and below the gum line. Root planing gets rid of rough spots on the tooth root where the germs gather, and helps remove bacteria that contribute to the disease. In some cases a cavitron may be used to remove plaque and tartar. This procedure can result in less bleeding, swelling, and discomfort compared to traditional deep cleaning methods.  Failure to complete Scaling and Root Planing can often lead to tooth and bone loss and/ or more complex gum surgeries.